Winter storms devastate the south, impacting virtual learning for Hampton students

William Paul Ellis | Staff Writer

The Trinity River is mostly frozen after a snow storm Monday, Sept. 15, 2021, in Fort Worth, Texas. A frigid blast of winter weather across the U.S. has left more than 2 million people in Texas without power. (Yffy Yossifor/Star-Telegram via AP)

Concurrent winter storms that swept much of the continental United States has left millions throughout the south without power or water for several days, according to The Associated Press

The impact of the winter storms was widespread, with many communities still feeling the aftershock of the weather. 

For many Hampton University students, power outages from the winter storms created a new obstacle for virtual learning. 

Mariah Smith, a sophomore economic major from Houston, Texas, says that living through a utilities crisis while being a student was not just an inconvenience, but it was highly stressful. 

“The power and water outage was [sic] very stressful for my family,” Smith said. “Spending most of the day in the dark with limited food and water was very mentally taxing.” 

Furthermore, Smith feels the severity of the situation was not completely respected by her professors. 

“The power outage caused me to miss days of classes,” she said. “Accommodations were not made by professors once I reached out to them. The vast majority of them did not respond to the emails.”

For Brianna Cry, a senior kinesiology major from Jackson, Mississippi, a lack of power and water for multiple days further exacerbated her angst connected to an atypical final year at Hampton. 

“Of course, being engaged in online learning this year has been somewhat difficult for most students,” Cry said. “But not having power, water or internet for days has left me with a lot of assignments to catch up on during my last weeks of college. 

The storms, known unofficially as Winter Storm Uri and Winter Storm Viola, left deep southern states such as Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi covered in ice—a rarity for this region. This most notably led to a power outage crisis in Texas, caused by an Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) infrastructure failure, according to a report from CBS. 

According to its website, ERCOT is a nonprofit corporation that operates Texas’ electrical grid and supplies power for more than 90 percent of the state’s electrical needs. 

ERCOT is unique in being the only deregulated energy market in the nation, meaning that it is completely disconnected from the national power grid and was ultimately unable to borrow power from other states. 

The domino effect of a power outage not only led to food and water shortages but is also connected to dozens of deaths according to the Texas Tribune

The impact of the winter storms was widespread, with many communities still feeling the aftershock of the weather. 

Rochester Police Under Fire for Pepper Spraying a 9-Year-Old

Jourdyn Grandison | Staff Writer

Police officers in Rochester, New York, are under fire after pepper-spraying and handcuffing a nine-year-old girl while responding to a call of “family trouble.” 

Body camera footage, released on Sunday, show officers restraining the girl, putting her in handcuffs, and trying to get her into the back of a police car as she cries and calls for her father repeatedly. The officers then ask the girl to put her feet in the car, but after she fails to comply, they pepper-spray her. 

The video has led to public outrage and has resulted in the suspension of the officers involved.

“They should be fired,” said Elba Pope, the victim’s mother. “Regardless of what happened prior, there is no reason why a child should be pepper-sprayed when she is already detained in handcuffs in a car.”

The incident strikingly resembles Daniel Prude, an African American man who died in March after being pinned by Rochester police. Footage showed officers putting a hood over Prude’s head as he experienced a mental health crisis.

After the Prude incident, Mayor of Rochester, Lovely Warren, fired the police chief saying there was a “pervasive problem” in the police department.

In a press conference Sunday, the Interim Rochester Police Chief Cynthia Herriott-Sullivan said that the girl’s treatment was not acceptable.

“I’m not going to stand here and tell you that for a nine-year-old to have to be pepper-sprayed is OK. It’s not,” said Herriott-Sullivan in the press conference. “I don’t see that as who we are as a department, and we’re going to do the work we have to do to ensure that these kinds of things don’t happen.”

Mayor Warren said the girl reminded her of her daughter. 

“I have a 10-year-old daughter. So she’s a child; she’s a baby. And I can tell you that this video, as a mother, is not anything you want to see. It’s not,” said Warren during the press conference. “We have to understand compassion, empathy. When you have a child that is suffering in this way and calling out for her dad, I saw my baby’s face in her face.”

The victim arrived at the Rochester General Hospital, and was later released, according to Rochester Deputy Police Chief Andre Anderson.

Coming 2 America Cast Discusses Continuing An Iconic Legacy More Than 30 Years Later

Anyaé Johns | Staff Writer

Courtesy of Amazon Studios 

Thirty-two years after the culture shifting film Coming to America (1988) premiered, Zamunda is still a part of Black culture, exuding royalty displayed in its highest capacity while delving deeper into traditions and a keen sense on how to bring generations together in the highly anticipated sequel, Coming 2 America.

During an HBCU roundtable interview on February 10, cast members of Coming 2 America discussed some of the highlights and gave insights into what is going on in the world of Zamunda all these years later.

The Coming 2 America roundtable discussion featured Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall, Tracy Morgan, Jermaine Fowler and Rotimi. Throughout the discussion, there were many prominent themes such as the unification of Black culture, women empowerment and family dynamics in the Black community.  

Courtesy of Amazon Studios 

Jermaine Fowler (Lavelle) exposes the disconnect between older and younger generations, dives deeper into his character’s story and bridges the gap between generations to move the culture forward. 

Intergenerational tension is not a foreign idea by any means and Fowler considers this when he speaks highly of his own relationship with his father, in which there is deep love but a disconnect still exists. 

In light of this, Fowler said there is still a responsibility to “pay it forward and pay it back to him” through this experience.

Courtesy of Quantrell D. Colbert

Fowler continued by sharing a personal story of how he got his dad his first therapist recently and how big the moment led to his realization that we need to respect what we’ve been through because not much has changed. 

He noted that while guidance from elders is essential, there has to be ways in which the present generation can “work together for a common goal and figure out what we all do best to get things moving forward” in a culture that is full of division.

Speaking to the intergenerational power of this film, Fowler voiced his hopes for the new story to allow for fans of the original to find that same success they once experienced that will make “people to sit down and enjoy what makes them so great together” and connect them with the new audience in a way that’s interactive and conversational. 

Rotimi (Pretty Iddi) shed light on what he hopes people will gain from watching the sequel. 

Rotimi expressed that the powers of enjoyment and escapism are necessary to utilize as unifying tools during our present times, noting that “something nostalgic … something that’s a positive piece of Black anything is good right now.”

Rotimi looks forward to seeing how fans will react to the movie on social media. 

“I’m excited to see Twitter go crazy and Instagram go crazy, and a couple memes of me, you know what I’m saying, everybody else don’t worry about anybody else,” Rotimi said. “I think that we just need to embellish on the positive. I think our culture needs something like that, the world needs to laugh, that’s really what it is.”

Courtesy of Anyae Johns

Eddie Murphy (King Akeem) raves about his experience coming back more than 30 years later to portray Prince Akeem in a new sense of power as king of Zamunda. 

Murphy illuminated the power of venturing into “uncharted territory” by attempting to continue the story of Coming to America 32 years later. The ambitious journey was a four-to-five-year period of creative exploration that turned into a “great script” to make something special. Therein lies the joy of getting to be “doing something that’s never been done before.”

The cast is excited for all Coming to America fans to finally get to watch the sequel they put a lot of work into. The anticipated film will premiere Friday, March 5, through Amazon Prime Video.

Good Girls take Hampton: The birth of a new movement

Vashti Dorman | Staff Writer

Unsplash user Jessica Felicio

In an effort to unify and empower women, The Good Girl Movement was born. Arriving on Hampton University’s campus in 2020, the movement is dedicated to redefining what it means to be genuinely and unapologetically good. 

During the week of February 14, Good Girls Hampton hosted a wide range of events celebrating women and putting spotlights on various Black businesses. 

To kick off the week, the Good Girls Movement along with Dr. Empath, an empathic psychologist focused on healing the mind, body and soul, led an event on spirituality and how to attract your desired love. The session delved into different types of spiritual connections and how to differentiate the good 

On day two of Good Girl Week, HU student Janice Jallah led “Girls Need Love Too,” a dance class on Instagram live. Celebrating various body types and doing choreography that was easy for everybody allowed participants to relax and have fun. 

A virtual Black business seminar took place on day three. The event consisted of 6 business owners and panelists including; Danielle Boateng of Dbandz Luxe, Alexis Scott of the Bad Girl Network, Ashanti Johnson of Strength of a Broken Women and Spiced by Shanti, Ayana Iman; Fashion Influencer, Dayvondria Braxton of Von Capri and Sienna Nelson of White Lephant.

During this event, panelists were able to give their insight and advice on creating a successful business as a Black woman, while also giving the do’s and don’ts of starting a business. 

Keeping the week going, Good Girls held a service initiative event hosted via Zoom, where participants were able to write love letters to incarcerated women. During the event, participants learned statistics about women in prison, including that women account for 7% of the population in state and federal prisons. 

Ending the week off, Good Girl’s member, Sage, gave numerous tips on maintaining physical health, including maintaining a good sleep schedule, a healthy diet and exercising. She went into detail on how to maintain emotional health through therapy and to evaluate the people we allow into our lives. She also shared tips from her personal experience on developing techniques to stay healthy in all facets of life, from keeping a clean room to reading the bible every day. 

To conclude the week, the Good Girls Movement won “Best New Organization” at the Student Organizational Bazaar for the 2020-2021 academic school year. 

Keep up with the Good Girls of Hampton on Instagram @goodgirlstake_hampton and @thegoodgirlmovement.

Madani Dembele wins Mr. Ivy Pageant

Nicole Pechacek | Staff Writer

Courtesy of Madani Dembele

Premiering on YouTube on Feb. 19, Hampton University was able to host yet another successful virtual pageant thanks to the Gamma Theta Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. Madani Dembele, was chosen to become the next Mr. Ivy.

Dembele, a graduating senior strategic communication student, expressed his excitement after finding out that he had achieved his dream of winning the Mr. Ivy Pageant. 

“I was ecstatic,” said Dembele. “I was really happy my hard work paid off.”

Anticipating the pageant since junior year, Dembele’s opportunity to participate was ripped away when the pageant was canceled due to COVID-19. When he saw the opportunity to join again this year, he was admittedly hesitant to take the chance. 

“The pageant came around a few weeks ago this semester. A couple of my friends said I should do it again. I said ‘Nah.’ I was a little bit hesitant,” said Dembele. “I didn’t send my application in until the day of, but I said ‘Hey, I’m gonna do this.’ It was just a matter of time because this has been one of my goals for a long while.”

Despite the pageant being virtual, it still left a huge impact on Dembele, allowing him to step out of his comfort zone. 

“It allowed me to bring everything that I’ve been working on to light. For example, for my talent, I did rap, but I’ve been writing raps here and there for a few months now,” he said. “It’s sort of like a hobby for me, but the pageant allowed me to go into full production mode.” 

Dembele said that with the help of a friend who studies film, the video was shot, and he was able to put everything together. He wanted to bring three things together for his talent performance: Black History Month, the Gamma Theta Chapter and his platform, “Rising Above the Ashes.”

With the pageant being virtual, Dembele found the experience interesting in how he had to plan for a video.

“It was kind of complicated. I had to make sure certain things would sound good through all outlets since everyone is watching through different devices,” he explained. “I just wanted to make sure it was cohesive and that everyone would have the same experience watching what I put out there.”

Dembele expressed that virtual pageants allowed contestants to have more creative control than in-person pageants. He saw the ability to control things as an advantage.

“In a virtual pageant, you have a lot more creative control, and you can correct or fix things that you don’t want to showcase. As opposed to an in-person pageant, you don’t get that opportunity to go back and edit what you just did on stage. It’s irreversible.” said Dembele. 

His platform, “Rising Above the Ashes,” is a program targeted at African American youth, promoting mentorship and overall wellness. Dembele believes that the youth are the future, and thinks his platform will help them see that.

“I do believe that the youth are our future, and I think that they can be damaged which prevents them from living to their fullest potential. It can be hard to see the brighter things in life when all you’ve been seeing is darkness,” he expressed.

Dembele says the main takeaway of his platform that he wants African American youth to know, is that they are enough and are deserving of more than they think.

Madani Dembele plans to accept a job offer at AT&T for their BRB Sales Development program after graduating in May of this year. 

Hampton’s Very Own: Spotlighting Student Entrepreneurs

Angela Session | Staff Writer

Courtesy of Joy Coates

During the summer of 2020, there was a call to support Black owned businesses in response to the re-awakening of social injustice around the country. Since then, many consumers have been trying to become more conscious about who owns the companies and products they spend their money on. 

Hampton University is home to many innovative student entrepreneurs. In honor of Black History Month, here are two HU students making an impact through their entrepreneurial efforts.

Ju’s Mobile Auto Care

Julian McDaniel is a second-year graduate student majoring in community mental health counseling. He received his undergraduate degree from North Carolina A&T in 2016 with a B.A. in liberal studies with a concentration in race, class and culture. McDaniel is a native of Charlotte, NC, and is the proud owner of Ju’s Mobile Auto Care.

Ju’s Mobile Auto Care was created because McDaniel realized that he has skills that other people didn’t have. Due to his passion for helping others, he thought it would be a good idea to start a business that offers automobile services.

As a child, Julian had a keen interest in cars, so it was only natural for him to continue to expand his knowledge of them. He worked on his car while at NC A&T, and worked for Discount Tire for some time where he learned to mount, balance, and rotate tires. After graduation, he worked at O’Reilly’s Distribution Center before moving to Hampton. Even though he wasn’t working on cars there, he would get discounted parts to work on cars at his leisure.

 In 2019, McDaniel moved to Hampton and got a job at Jiffy Lube where he learned most of what he knows today. 

Recently, he quit and started his business to help other Hampton students with their car repairs at affordable prices. As a member of the HU Marching Force, McDaniel was able to spread the word to fellow band members and in student group chats. 

At the moment, McDaniel is focusing on creating more exposure since his business is fairly new.

Advice he would give to other aspiring business owners is, “to do what you have a passion for and make a side hustle that can bring in extra cash.”

 “Stay focused, keep an open mind, and work hard as you will get what you put in,” said McDaniel.


Joy Coates is a third-year kinesiology major from Montgomery County, MD. Her business is WaistHisTime, a holistic business that is centered around improving the confidence of women. 

Coates’ mother kickstarted the business by traveling to Ghana and bringing back waist beads. For Joy, waist beads are a part of her Cameroonian culture. With that in mind, she started WaistHisTime because she knew that making traditionally crafted waisted beads available would serve as an enhancement to women’s beauty and confidence. 

She was initially able to spread the word through her friends, and eventually began posting flyers, sales and products. Her friends would also tell others where they got their beads from. She also began creating more social media content for her audience. 

Coates plans to rebrand WaistHisTime into Tyme, a unisex athletic clothing line. She says this is something she wanted to start since freshman year and she knew she had it in her, the idea just needed to be unlocked. 

Her advice to aspiring business owners is that they must get to know themselves first. 

 “You are your only competition,” said Coates. “Take time away to get to know yourself, because having a business requires a strong mindset and the vulnerability to accept failure.” 

To learn more about Joy and WaistHisTime, follow her on Instagram @waisthistime. To learn more about Julian and Ju’s Mobile Auto Care, follow him on Instagram @757_mobile_auto_care.

Courtesy of Julian McDaniel

Protective hairstyles by Hampton students

Nia White | Staff Writer

Courtesy of Ariana Greene

Protective styles are a form of expression and hair care in the Black community that offer a break from the daily manipulation of hair.

 “Protective styles keep your hair tucked away to reduce manipulation which is proven to aid in hair growth,” said Camille King, senior Biology pre-med major, self-taught stylist, and owner of Hair Worth a Millie. “The more your hair is manipulated from brushing, pulling, and tugging, the more likely your hair is to break off. Your ends are the oldest and most fragile part of your hair strand so keeping them tucked and protected reduces breakage.”

  Some Hampton University students specialize in providing protective styles to students on and off campus and the surrounding Hampton area. Some student business owners include Ariana Greene, Kayla Waite and Camille King. 

Ariana Greene is a senior marketing, cosmetology student and owner of Ariana’s Canvas.  Kayla Waite is a senior strategic communication major, self-taught stylist and owner of Slayed by a Goddess. Camille King is a senior biology pre-med major, self-taught stylist and owner of Hair Worth a Millie. 

“I provide so many styles from braids, [faux] locs, twists, cornrows and natural styles,” Greene said. 

The type of protective style most effective varies by season. 

“These [protective] styles are meant to reduce manipulation and or styling time for your hair. [They] also protect your strands from the harsh weather,” Waite said. 

  During the winter when the weather is harshest, full coverage for hair is best. This protects from damage and gives the hair a break from manipulation.

 “For colder months I really like doing [faux] locs on clients because it’s full protection like a coat or scarf for your hair, your hair isn’t exposed, “ Greene said.

  Other protective styles for the winter include “wigs and weaves [because] as it gets cold, it becomes more difficult to keep your hair and scalp moisturized. Wearing wigs and weaves can protect your hair and scalp from all extreme environmental elements  enhance hair growth,” King said.

  Warmer months are the time for lighter protection, that don’t weigh down the hair as much. 

  “One good protective style for spring would be bob butterfly [faux] locs, they give off a playful vibe and are lightweight so they don’t irritate you in the summer heat. Marley and Havana twists are good choices as well,” Waite said.

“I love all braided and twisted styles for the summer! They are so versatile and pretty,”  King said. “Whether you choose to add hair or style your natural hair, it will be bomb. Just remember to keep your hair moisturized using oils, creams and butters.”

  Protective styles also depend on how long they will be kept in and the overall goal of getting the style.  

“I would consider any form of box braids, like goddess braids or knotless braids long term styles. Twists, depending on the texture can also be considered a long term style,” Waite said. “Marley twists which typically are more coarse will usually last longer than passion twists. Straight backs, butterfly locs, and most jumbo styles would be short term.”

The type of protective style can also differ depending on hair density.

  “Hair texture as in 4a-4c doesn’t matter but the density is really important. [For] clients with fine hair [or] thin hair excluding texture I recommend lighter styles like knotless [braids] or a few feed-in tribal braids. For thicker hair I would not typically recommend knotless [braids] but [faux] locs are cool,” Greene said. “Honestly it depends on how the client likes their hair to shape their appearance too.”

  While protective styles are mainly protective from weather and manipulation they also offer other benefits. 

  “[If installed correctly by stylist] protective styles help because they can give low tension styles that give you a break from your hair,” Greene said.  

Courtesy of Camille King

Courtesy of Kayla Waite

Elizabeth Warren introduces student loan forgiveness initiative

Gabrielle Chenault | Lifestyle Section Editor

“President-elect Biden can enact this plan his first day in office, debt relief needs to be made a priority.” In a roundtable interview with several student journalists from around the nation, including Hampton University, Senator Elizabeth Warren spoke about her student loan debt relief initiative.

Although student debt has been an existing national issue, the COVID-19 pandemic has accentuated this. 

“This plan will help to close the wealth gap between African-Americans and White Americans by 25 points,” said Warren. According to the Brookings Institution, the current difference between the current white and Black average wealth gap is 6.7 points or $791,700. The Massachusetts senator’s plan calls for fairness when it comes to economic wealth and the potential for economic growth. 

Another amazing aspect of this plan is the strong impact it could have for  African-American women. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2019, African-American women were the most educated group in America and the most likely to seek a postsecondary degree. This plan calls for the removal of $50,000 in student loans which will drastically change the lives of millions of Americans. This is very relevant specifically if you view Hampton University’s makeup. The university comprises 34% male and 66% women. Since women are seeking more collegiate degrees, they obtain more loans which accumulates more debt.

Vice President-elect Harris, Howard University alumnus, has spoken at length in support of this bill and also supports providing free education for low-income students. She stated that if the student’s family makes under $125,000, they should be able to get a free education at any HBCU. 

The recent success of reform within the New York State College system speaks to the efficacy of nationwide reform. In 2017, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed the Excelsior Scholarship which states that students whose families make under $125,000 will receive a free education at two and four-year schools. Democratic Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer has proudly spoken to the success of this bill and endorses the notion that more states need to follow suit. 

Senator Schumer has partnered with Senator Warren on the debt relief plan and together they have spoken to various economic teams and local leaders to ensure this program will be effective. “The best way we can get this plan passed is by educating others. The more people that know about this plan and support, the better chance we have at it succeeding,” said Warren. 

As the Zoom meeting came to a close, Senator Warren reiterated why this plan needs to be passed and the impact it would have on Americans: “This plan isn’t just for current students. It’s for graduates who have thousands in debt, students who are scared to attend due to financial issues and even those who dropped out due to the cost. The difference it could make in people’s lives would be transformative and as a society, we need to make this a priority.”

The emergence of organic feminine care products

Tigist Ashaka | Staff Writer

Periods.  Something women get every month and a topic that men get so uncomfortable talking about. So let’s talk about it. What is really in the products? Many pads have toxic chemicals which cause damage to the body. Why are we using products that have a heavy chemical base?  There are many reasons why we should use organic products when it is that time of the month. One reason is that it is good for the environment and also for your health. 

According to the World Health Organization, many pads and tampons contain chemicals such as dioxins, furans, pesticide residues and fragrance ingredients that can cause hormone issues. These chemicals can cause problems with your immune system, developmental problems, and reproductive problems such as endometriosis, painful periods and even infertility. Dioxins are absorbed through the tissues of the vagina and can introduce these hazardous chemicals into our bloodstream. 

Hampton University student Angela Session, a second-year Cybersecurity major on the Criminal Justice track, said, “since I started using organic pads, my period has been shorter and wasn’t as heavy as it used to be.” 

Another student at Hampton, Aijeé Morris, a senior Criminal Justice major, said “I’ve used both organic pads and tampons. With organic pads, there’s no itching or irritation, and my flow usually is lighter than it is when I use commercial brand pads.” 

Some other students know the benefits of using organic products but haven’t transitioned yet because they want to make sure that they have found the right products that fit their needs. 

“I don’t use organic pads, but I want to because I’ve heard of how unhealthy regular pads are,” said Sydni Saunders, a third-year psychology major from Hampton. “I am only apprehensive about using them because I want to make sure I get the right ones.”

There are many organic products women can use. One of the most popular is a company called The Honey Pot. The Honey Pot is the world’s first plant-based feminine care line and was created by Beatrice Dixon, a Black woman. Additionally, Ruby Love is a period panty that provides “first-time kits” for teens. 

These are just two Black-owned products you can try out, but there are more. Find what fits you the best, whether it is a pad, tampon, period panty or even a dive cup. Most importantly, make sure it is organic and free of harsh chemicals! 

Unsplash user LacyGhett

Tampa Bay Buccaneers win Super Bowl LV

Jessica Coleman | Staff Writer

Image courtesy of Associated Press

The Tampa Bay Buccaneers won Super Bowl LV by defeating the Kansas City Chiefs, 31-9 at Raymond James Stadium on February 7 in Tampa, Florida.

The Buccaneers were the first team to play in the Super Bowl in their home stadium. In the stands were 7,500 vaccinated health care workers, 25,000 fans and 30,000 cardboard cutouts. The stadium appeared to be packed. 

The matchup between Tom Brady, 43, and Patrick Mahomes, 25, established the largest age differential between two starting quarterbacks in Super Bowl history.

Brady threw for 201 yards and three touchdowns, including two to tight end Rob Gronkowski to surpass Joe Montana and Jerry Rice for the most TDs by any QB-receiver combo in postseason history.  Brady won his seventh Super Bowl and earned his fifth Super Bowl MVP.

“I’m not making any comparisons [to my past championships],” Brady said in an interview with CNN. “Being down here and experiencing it with this group of guys is … every year is amazing, and this team is world champions forever.”

  Bruce Arians, 68, became the oldest head coach to win a Super Bowl. As diversity and inclusion is a highly controversial topic within the NFL, the Buccaneers exhibited representation in many aspects. Arians, who is white, had a coaching staff of Black coordinators, Black assistant head coaches and two female full-time coaches. The Buccaneers have the most diverse coaching staff in the National Football League. 

“It shows we’re good at our jobs as coaches,” Buccaneers defensive coordinator Todd Bowles said in an interview with Yahoo Sports. “It gives younger people inspiration hopefully to see us as coaches and see that we can be one of these kinds of people and if we put our mind to it, anything is possible.”

Although the Buccaneers are accompanied by one of the greatest quarterbacks of all time, they were projected as the underdog. Tampa Bay’s journey to Super Bowl LV was a challenge. The Bucs got past the Washington Football Team in a wild card game, the New Orleans Saints in the divisional round and the Green Bay Packers in the NFC Championship Game. The Buccaneers became the seventh wild card team to win the Super Bowl. 

Brady surpassed his former team, the New England Patriots, and the Pittsburgh Steelers, who both won six titles. The Chiefs became the sixth defending champions to lose the Super Bowl.